Fever is an increase in your dog or cat's temperature above the normal range that is a result of a wide variety of conditions and diseases. In order for you to check if your pet has a fever, you need tools to enter the back door. Gently insert the tip of a rectal thermometer with a liberal amount of petroleum jelly, to its pucker. Be sure someone else is holding your pet. If this is a cat, it may deny you entry.
CAUSES OF FEVER
Bacteria in your pet’s blood can produce substances that cause fever. The body tries to prevent the increase in population of the bacteria in the blood by increasing the temperature. In this attempt, it hopes to control the infection.
However, once a critical temperature is reached, it can lead to permanent damages to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body. A temperature of 41°C for long periods of time can lead to permanent brain damage (Flournoy et al. 2003). This condition should be stopped to help your pet.
Dogs: Ehrlichiosis or blood parasitism, Kidney infections, Canine Distemper, Canine Parvovirus, Leptospirosis
Cats: Feline Leukemia Virus, Feline AIDS, Feline Panleukopenia, Bacterial pneumonia
WHY YOU NEED TO BRING YOUR PET TO THE VET
The cause of a fever from a form of inflammation can be found through your vet performing a physical exam. Physical exam or checkup is a simple procedure when your vet touches different parts of your pet’s body to check for abnormalities. But when the findings are normal or insufficient, a routine laboratory procedure must be performed. A basic blood workup and rapid screening tests for infections will help to narrow down the choices and identify the main problem.
Once your vet identifies the infection, the correct antibiotic will be prescribed over a course of days to weeks. Unfortunately, there is no cure all antibiotic for dogs and cats. Using an antibiotic for your pet’s self medication is dangerous at high dosages can damage the body, and certain bacteria could develop multiple drug resistance. This drug resistant bacteria, when transferred to you, could lead to your hospitalization. If a non-infectious cause is identified, your vet may either recommend further tests with possible confinement.
WHEN YOU CAN’T FIND A VET AT THIS TIME
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